Contaminant Level (MCL)
Trichlorobenzenes are a group of three similarly-structured organic chemicals. 1,2,4-TCB is the most widely used, as a dye carrier, solvent, coolant, lubricant and heat-transfer medium, and in the manufacture of herbicides and wood preservatives.
TCBs arrive in water primarily through discharge from textile finishing factories.
According to the World Health Organization, TCBs are moderately toxic, causing skin, eye and respiratory irritation and having toxic effects on the liver. The EPA warns of glandular damage with long term exposure:
Some people who drink water containing 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene well in excess of the maximum contaminant level [0.07 milligrams per Liter] for many years could experience changes in their adrenal glands.
The EPA recommends granular activated carbon (GAC) in combination with packed tower aeration (an air stripping technique) for the treatment of 1,2,4-trichlorobenzene.
Source: EPA, WHO, Photo: WikiMedia, author: Secl
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